Dosimetric Characteristics of CVD Single Crystal Diamond Detectors in Radiotherapy Beams
Dosimetric characteristics of a CVD single crystal diamond detector have been evaluated. Detector stability, linearity, optimal bias, temperature dependence, directional dependence, priming and pre-irradiation behaviour, depth dose curves and dose profiles were investigated.
The optimal bias was determined to be 50 V. The detector stability measurement showed a too large variation for absolute dosimetry in a day to day measurement, but acceptable variation during one and the same day. The linearity constant, , in the relation between signal and dose rate, (Fowler 1966), was determined to 0.978 and 0.953 for two detectors. The sub-linearity was also observed in the depth dose curves and could be eliminated with a correction method. The diamond detector showed smaller temperature dependence than the EFD silicon diode. The directional dependency was, <1 %, up to at least ± 15˚ and therefore no angular correction is needed. A priming dose of 0.6 Gy was determined, which is considerably smaller than for existing detectors on the market. After pre-irradiation with electrons (8 and 18 MeV) a large and permanent desensitization of up to 31 % / 500 Gy was detected. This is in contradiction to what previous published articles claim. 15 MV photons also reduced the sensitivity of the detector, but no evidence that 5 MV photons do has been found. A 50 Gy dose of 180 MeV protons did not reduce the sensitivity either. The detector dose rate linearity was improved by electron pre-irradiation. The dose profile penumbras of the diamond detector were, for the most part, smaller than the RK ionization chamber, indicating a better spatial resolution.
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