Kvinnors ledarskapsförhållanden i Afghanistan (Women’s leadership in Afghanistan)

Detta är en D-uppsats från Göteborgs universitet/Institutionen för socialt arbete

Sammanfattning: The purpose of this study is examine how Afghan women experience leadership in Afghanistan and how they perceive their existence and involvement in the country’s development’s process. The study is limited to the women leadership and its diffculties in the afghan culture, tradition and religion. Based on men’s and women’s perspective, I want to examine how they look at women’s leadership and its different problem in the afghan society. Further, this study reveals the problem and obstacle that are preventing women from a leadership roll. What is the obstacle and impediment that are preventing women to practice leadership? How looks the present situation of women’s leadership in Afghanistan? What say afghan culture, tradition and Islam about women’s leadership? On the basis of men and women’s responses, I have attempted to provide answers to these research questions. The theory that I have used in this study is theories about leadership and, with the help of this theory, my aim has been to explain conceptions of leadership, women’s leadership, culture, religious and its importance in the social development process. The method that I have chosen for this study is qualitative, with informant interviews. My empirical data is obtained via the use of semi-structured interviews with three women and three men aged between 40-50 years old, who have emigrated in the course of war, from Afghanistan to America, Germany, Norway and Sweden. They have been involved direct and indirect with activities dealing with women’s liv condition in Afganistan and are still active in this erea. The results reveal that women leadership in Afghanistan is a phenomenon which defines and decides by men and based on eco-political interests. It is clear from their interviews that women have experienced a very complicated and distressed life situation in Afghanistan and never have experienced leadership that practices their own choice.

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