Den blå blomman : Längtans framvisande hos Novalis
The essay at hand pursues the question as to how the German philosopher and poet Novalis has been able to characterize the whole of philosophy as a longing for home.
In succession to a historic contextualization and research background there follows a presentation of certain ideas in Kant and Fichte. This aims to build the historico-philosophical ground for thinking the philosophy of Novalis as such a longing. A close reading of Novalis work Fichte-studies is the main justification for this interpretation.
In accordance, Novalis understands philosophy as a longing for home arisen from the factual experience of the I. Feeling links this experience to theabsolute, thus providing the foundation for philosophy. Thus in thinking, this absolute ground can be set only relatively and indirectly. Philosophy can never establish direct contact with the absolute, but must be driven infinitely by thinking, through feeling, towards it. This drive shall be understood as a longing. Longing arrives through what is absolutely given in feeling. Longing moves towards re-establishing the given which thinking has lost.
The I is understood as where being dwells. Herein the I's feeling of direct experience of its existence is reached — as a belonging to the world. Such a feeling of belonging is destined to evaporate with thinking. Nevertheless, thinking hopes to come home — it dreams this future. Hence we arrive at philosophy thought as a longing for home.
In the end, we conclude with Novalis that philosophy thought this way must be procured by poetry.
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