Utbildning i våld i nära relationer. En kvantitativ studie om betydelsen av personalutbildning för att främja det preventiva arbetet.
Sammanfattning: Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a large public health problem that foremost affects both women and children, nationally and globally. Several accessible reports about IPV and education for staff that in their occupation can meet battered people shows the importance of increased education for several occupational groups to decrease the large number of unrecorded cases.Purpose: The study explored how six occupational groups, in the municipality of Kungälv, related to IPV in their professions, were influenced by whether they had education in IPV or not.Method: We chose a quantitative approach, a cross sectional study. A questionnaire was constructed and handed out to 156 participations. The occupational groups were a section in a hospital, the police, the home care services, an elementary school, a pre-school and the public dental care. The answer frequency was 86 %. The answered questionnaire were registered in the statistic program SPSS, where the descriptive statistics and analyses was completed in aggregated data. To compare the head groups in the sample, education in IPV and no education in IPV, crosstabs where used and Chi square test (X2) for the analyses.Results: Significant results were found between the two groups, education in IPV or not. The comparison between the groups was presented in four themes. They were Actions and contention about IPV, Capability to identify IPV, Ability to act when IPV was identified and Knowledge about action plan on the place of work. Significant differences between the participants who had received education in IPV and those, without education in IPV, were found for the majority of the questions in the questionnaire. The results show that the participants who had received education in IPV had more capability to identify IPV. They had more ability to act effectually, to ask about IPV and they also took the important initiative to talk about IPV with battered women and children more often.Discussion/Conclusion: Our study demonstrates like other research the relationship between education and for example the capability to identify IPV. This is also the case in the perceived sense about asking about IPV effectually whether the participants had education in IPV or not. The study’s conclusion is that we found relationships that can decrease IPV both with prime prevention work and secondary prevention work. Education is an element that could decrease the high unrecorded rate that exists in IPV.
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