Ekonomiska sanktioner och den globaliserade samtiden : En uppsats om ekonomiska sanktioner och dess roll i vår samtid
Sammanfattning: Since World war II the usage of economic sanctions has increased dramatically. In the last decades further changes has occurred which raises questions about economic sanction’s contemporary and future relevance as a tool for conflict resolution. This thesis attempts to answer this by focusing on economic and political changes since 1990 and the consequences they have had on sanctions. One of the changes identified have been the spread of intergovernmental organizations. Using the seminal work from Hufbauer, G., Schott, J., Elliot, K., Oegg, B. that identified friendly prior relations as a condition that could improve sanctions chance to succeed, the consequences of the increase of intergovernmental organizations is examined. It is the thesis hypothesis Hufbauer’s and his colleagues condition can also be applied to the relationship between an intergovernmental organization and one of its member. The thesis uses a mix of qualitative and quantitative methods to answer these questions. The thesis finds that the global economy is becoming increasingly more complex and adaptive, creating challenges for sanctions. Since the end of the cold war the US have also been able to build up a robust sanction regime for states and companies. However with increasing Chinese influence this sanction regime could be in jeopardy. The thesis also finds some evidence that Hufbauer’s and his colleague’s condition can be applied to the relationship between an intergovernmental organization and one of its members. As it was found that sanctions levied by an intergovernmental organization against a member have a higher chance to succeed than sanction levied against a state that is not a member.
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