"Också en demokrati behöver kunna försvara sig själv". En kulturkritisk och rättsfilosofisk studie av hur samhället försöker hantera fascism

Detta är en Master-uppsats från Göteborgs universitet/Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper

Författare: Ebba Wahlbom; [2019-08-08]

Nyckelord: fascism; demokrati; yttrandefrihet; hegemoni; brytningstid; diskurs; nyliberalism;

Sammanfattning: This thesis aims to explore how different actors in society discusses how societyshould handle fascist organisations. This includes politicians, journalists, the legalsystem and activists and antifascists. I began by looking at the fascist organisationNordiska Motståndsrörelsen, NMR, and the manifestation they organized on the 30thof september 2017 and the discussions that were had about them on differentplatforms by different groups of people, in conjunction with and after themanifestation. By implementing theories concerning cultural hegemony, discourseand power, discipline and Walter Benjamins thoughts on the western legal systemand violence I was first able to determine there are three different viewpoints whichare common: that NMR should be banned outright, that their demonstrations shouldbe limited and controlled in various ways or that they shouldn't be banned norregulated at all. Secondly, I was able to determine which of these viewpoints couldbe considered hegemonic and what this debate signifies beyond a society trying tohandle fascist organizations. Further research needs to be made in order to followthe coming turns of events in the rapidly changing political climate of the west.

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