Att leva med långvarig smärta

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Ersta Sköndal högskola/Institutionen för vårdvetenskap; Ersta Sköndal högskola/Institutionen för vårdvetenskap

Sammanfattning:

Background: Chronic pain is a common and occurring disease that creates pain and suffering for many people. The painful experience is individually unique and is affected by many different factors. The insufficient knowledge regarding the assessment of chronic pain makes it difficult to abate the suffering from the individuals. Nurses´ perception and comprehension about chronic pain may hinder them from listening to the patient´s need. The nurse creates conditions for a functioning dialogue. An increased understanding from a patient´s point of view is necessary in order to comprehend the patient´s need.

Aim: The aim is to highlight the experiences of people living with chronic pain.

Method: This literature review is influenced by Friberg (2012). 12 qualitative scientific articles were obtained and analyzed from three different databases.

Results: The result demonstrates two main categories with related sub-categories. The first category highlights how pain affects peoples´physical, emotional, social and existential aspects when the pain takes over. The latter describes how people manage the pain through strategies and acceptance.

Discussion: The result is discussed from Armstrong´s symptoms experience model that demonstrates that people living with chronic pain gives meaning to their experience of pain in various ways, which may tend to give positive and negative impact in their daily life. Moreover, the result connects to Ericsson´s concepts regarding the Caring Science such as, suffering in illness, life, and healthcare. It also describes the theory of a person in suffering which can affect the individual as a whole.

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