Vägen till självförsörjning - En kvalitativ studie av kategorisering i processer för unga vuxna med försörjningsstöd
Sammanfattning: Author: Carolina Berthlin & Emma Simonsson Title: The Path to Self-Sufficiency: A qualitative study of categorization processes for young adults with social assistance [translated title] Supervisor: Torbjörn Hjort Assessor: Hans-Edvard Roos The aim of this study is to understand the practice of social work focused on young adults receiving social assistance from an organization theory perspective. The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyze how categorization within the social services affects the choices and actions made by social workers throughout the clients’ process towards self-sufficiency. The empirical data the study relies upon consists of six semi-structured interviews performed on social workers in three different municipalities in Sweden. The analytical tools used to illustrate the categorization process were Yeheskel Hasenfeld’s theory of human service organizations and Charles Tilly’s theory of durable inequality. The study shows that the work performed by the social workers is affected both by the characteristics in the different stages along the client process, as well as the structure within the organization that sets the framework for the categorization of clients. We found that clients are divided into different categories in relation to how near or far from the labor market they stand, which determines what services they are offered. Furthermore, the study suggests that the categories created within the organization are dependent on the criteria formulated by the external actors that provide work-related actions in cooperation with the social services.
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