Coal-land, the way forward for Poland? - A within-case research on the national interests influencing the Polish implementation of the EU Renewable Energy Directive
Sammanfattning: The study aims to understand and map the influential factors affecting the degree of implementation of the EU Renewable Energy Directive, RED, in Poland, which sets individual national goals for all member states of the total share of renewable energy sources, RES, by the year 2020, a goal Poland is anticipated to fail to reach. The study is a within-case study conducted through a process-tracing using hypotheses to investigate the relation between Poland passing the directive into national law up until failing the goals set to 2020. The theoretical framework of Liberal Intergovernmentalism is used stating that all actors acts in accordance to maximise their interests. The constellation of domestic interests in Poland is assumed to be based on economic, societal and public health factors, which influence the governmental position. The degree of implementation is evaluated through the concept of legalisation. The main hypothesis concludes that a low level of ambition from the Polish governement, influenced of the constellation of domestic interests, to follow the RED has resluted in a low degree of implementation. With the particular emphasis on the importance of the historic and present dependency on coal in Poland.
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