Jämförelse av beräkningsprogram och handberäkningar för att minimera armeringsmängd i grundplatta

Detta är en Uppsats för yrkesexamina på grundnivå från Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och industriell teknik; Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och industriell teknik

Sammanfattning: This study is based on an analysis of a foundation slab where calculations are done to find the minimum amount of reinforcement needed. The purpose of this thesis is to find a balance between time-cost, carbon dioxide emissions and the working environment. One way to minimize time-cost is by using FEM-software. In some cases, FEM-software is more exact than manual calculations, since manual calculations usually approximate. For this reason, manual calculations are compared to FEM-Design. FEM-software is commonly used for other parts of construction, which saves time-cost and materials compared to manual calculations. The use of FEM-software for foundation slabs could improve the dimensioning process in the same manner. The slab that is analysed in this thesis is part of an industrial building. The slab has two parts with different prerequisites in forms of area, thickness and point loads. Shrinkage- and creep-deformations are common causes for cracks in concrete. The results show that FEM-Design saves time for both parts of the slab but requires more reinforcement for the bigger of the two dimensions, which entails higher carbon dioxide emissions. Both calculation-methods met the maximum distance of 150 mm between the reinforcement bars which is the requirement for the workplace environment.

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