BRI- En idé om en ny värld som materialiseras genom infrastruktur? En kritisk diskursanalys om hur BRI:s nyckeldokument utmanar idéer och normer inom den globala styrningen Katarina Hedencrona

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Göteborgs universitet/Institutionen för globala studier

Sammanfattning: The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is a Chinese infrastructure project, initiated in 2013, witha plan to be finished in 2049. The project has received a great amount of media attention andhas been scrutinized carefully due to suspicion towards China’s intentions. Research wise,BRI has been popular and a common area of research lies within the geopolitical sphere,however, this study aimed exploring how global governance can be challenged by the project,and mainly in terms of ideas and norms, adding to the ideational research about BRI. Hence,the purpose of this study is to analyse China’s narrative generated by the BRI project byanswering the question formulation: “How does the BRI potentially challenge ideas andnorms on global governance? ” This is executed by a critical discourse analysis of the keydocuments officially published by the Chinese state about BRI, which included a systematicapproach in finding themes. The results were analyzed with a theoretical framework with aground in social constructivism. Lastly, the results demonstrated four themes in which Chinaas the founder and leader of BRI, aimed at challenging the current norms and ideas aboutglobal governance. These four themes are: the integration discourse, BRI is a project byChina but created for the world, the justice discourse, and that BRI is here to stay. Hence, allfour different themes added to China’s narrative, and specifically by challenging the idéesand norms within global governance. In the conclusion, both critique towards the study wasgiven such as my impact on the study as well as recommendations for future research whichwere to investigate other actors' narratives about BRI.

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