Empowerment i multisystemisk terapi- en kvalitativ studie av MST teamet i Halmstad
The study was performed based on a qualitative method using a hermeneutical approach used to interpret the semi-structured interviews. The study aimed to investigate the Multisystemic therapy (MST) team in Halmstad municipality perceptions on the treatment method multisystemic therapy for youths from the ages of 12-18 years old.The questions were: Does the MST therapists experience that the MST is a method that leads to an improved situation for young people who receive the method? What do the MST therapists describe as opportunities and obstacles in the work with the method?
The study builds on previous research on MST and empowerment based on MST. The study shows three therapists and an MST leader's experiences of the treatment and how it is aimed at influencing the parents and the youth for a change. From therapists statements it highlights how the MST method is designed for the young people’s motivation to change by means of the internal and external networks. The result shows that previous research shows a lot of criticism on the treatment in Sweden. It turns out that other interventions from the social services give the same results or even better. All therapists reported that they have seen changes in the families and that most families have been guided to a new way of thinking but that collaboration with other parties concerned should be better. It has been positive and negative sides to treatment from psychiatrist’s perspective and that it constantly going research on the method for behavior problems will be prevented effectively. When the youth was involved the treatment was more effective.
The benefit of MST is that the treatment occurs multi systemically with the whole youths network but the risk of the treatment is that the youths network could disappear and that would lead to discontinuing treatment that may not help it to achieve empowerment. There are advantages and disadvantages to treatment, and it comes to that MST therapist to interpret the MST's principles as well as possible for parents and youth to strengthen and not being dependent on other treatment interventions. There has been an improvement on the MST treatment when MST Sweden was formed and got swedish consultants. The study's conclusions is that it is important to create opportunities for youth to participate in the treatment and obtain the youths opinions on why it does not work and how the networks will work with the youth to get it to evolve. To gain achievement, the MST team has to ignore the youths, age treat individuals according to their maturity, integrating family members as much as possible and get a good interaction between the therapists and families.
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