Organizational exposure to risk of unethical behaviour : in Eastern European timber purchasing organizations

Detta är en L3-uppsats från SLU/Dept. of Forest Products

Sammanfattning: Issues: The issues Swedwood asked us to explore in their Eastern European timber purchasing organizations were:  Have clear directives been given to each purchasing unit regarding the purpose and scope of its activities?  If so, what do these directives contain?  If so, how are these directives followed?  How are purchasing transactions planned and carried out?  What roles are involved in the purchasing process, and what are the responsibilities and authorities of each role?  Can the purchasing process, or parts of the process, be improved?  Can the company organize its purchasing units more effectively to ensure best practices? Purpose: The overall approach we took was to assess Swedwood's potential exposure to low levels of legal or ethical practices by benchmarking its actual practices, using the concept of best purchasing practices described in the literature. Method: To collected data using qualitative methods, since this is an appropriate way of raising the sensitive issues that needed to be addressed. This involved interviewing local purchasing organisations about their local market conditions, organisational structure and purchasing processes. Conclusion: The study has shown that organisations' purchasing managers are exposed to considerable risks of low levels of ethical practices. While most local organisations have policies to prevent corruption, there is rarely a working manual to provide people with guidelines to achieve this. Support for ethical practices could probably be improved.

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