BLACK LIVES MATTER Krossade rutor eller fredliga demonstrationer? - En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av svenska nyhetstidningars porträttering av Black Lives Matter och demonstrationerna till stöd för rörelsen.
Sammanfattning: The purpose of this study is to examine how five Swedish newspapers portrayed the Black LivesMatter (BLM) movement and supporting demonstrations during a time period between May 25th and June 14th, 2020.The theory of framing, how people’s perception of a subject is affected by the media portrayal, is themotivation behind this study. Theories about common news values and news angles are applied tothe articles. Additionally, quoted sources and descriptions of violence are investigated to determine if a protest paradigm, a pattern of news coverage that tends to focus on violence and disruption rather than the reason behind the demonstration, can be found in Swedish newspapers.The study uses a quantitative content analysis of 266 articles about the Black Lives Matter movementpublished by the newspapers Aftonbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Expressen, Göteborgs-Posten and Sydsvenskan. During the analyzed time period, major demonstrations were held in Sweden’s threelargest cities: Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö. With a cumulative approach, the theoreticalframework has been operationalized to create a codebook for analyzing the articles.According to previous research, there are many signs of a protest paradigm in American newspapers.This pattern was similarly present in the Swedish articles, evident in their recurrent use of officialsources like politicians and police. However, in the analysis of all the articles about BLM, theprotesters were quoted more often than police. While in the articles specifically about demonstrationsin Sweden, protesters were more likely to be excluded. For example, protesters were more oftenmentioned than quoted compared to the police sources. This study confirms signs of the protestparadigm in the articles about the demonstrations, evident in the great focus on violence anddisruption and the lack of protester voices. Unlike previous research, all protesters are not blamed forunlawful activity that occurred during the demonstrations. Swedish newspapers tend to carefullydistinguish provocators from peaceful protesters. Finally, the covid-19 pandemic affected the media'sportrayal of BLM and the demonstrations. The global pandemic was frequently mentioned and oftenused as a news angle in the articles.
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