Design of Low Voltage Low Power and Highly Efficient DC-DC Converters, Theoretical Guidelines
In this thesis a predefined design parameters are used to present theoretical guidelines for design of low voltage, and low power DC-DC converter with high power efficiency and low levels of EMI (Electro-Magnetic Interference). This converter is used to alter the DC voltage supplied by the power source. Several DC-DC converters of different types and topologies are described and analyzed. Switched converter of buck topology is found to satisfy the design criteria most adequately and therefore is chosen as the solution for the task of the thesis. Three control schemes are analysed PWM (Pulse-Width Modulation), PFM (Phase-Frequency Modulation), and Sliding control. PWM is found to be most appropriate for implementation with this type of converter. Further, basic operation of the buck converter which includes two modes of operation CCM (Continuous-Conduction Mode) and DCM (Discontinuous-Conduction Mode) is described. Power losses associated with it are analysed as well. Finally several techniques for power conversion improvement are presented.
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