Samordnad varudistribution : En fallstudie på förbrukningsmaterial till vården i Region Östergötland
Sammanfattning: Region Östergötland are responsible for deliveries of consumable goods to hospitals, health centres, public dental clinics and other customers in Östergötland county. Today, this is done through two different material flows. These are the inner and the outer material flows. Deliveries from the inner material flow pass through a central warehouse located in Norrköping, before they are delivered to customers, whereas deliveries in the outer material flow are delivered straight from an external supplier to the customer. Today, Region Östergötland wants to gain a better control over the material flow of consumable goods. They also want to investigate how a more coordinated freight distribution, and therefore a greater inner material flow, would affect their own business, seen from a holistic perspective. The purpose of this study was to investigate how the handling of goods, the delivery service and the total cost of ownership would be affected by a more coordinated freight distribution of consumable goods to the health care system within Region Östergötland. This to provide a basis for future decision making regarding the material flow of consumable goods. The conclusions drawn are mainly based on the empirical studies that were carried out during the study. The empirical studies were collected in various ways and were of qualitative, as well as quantitative, nature. Interviews were conducted with employees from Region Östergötland as well as with employees from some contracted companies. Delivery protocols, as well as surveys, were handed out to and answered by customers in the health care system. Data from Region Östergötland’s enterprise resource planning systems, as well as contracts, were also examined. The reports frame of reference, mainly based on literature studies, have also been an important part in the analysis that was executed. In general, it can be concluded that it is difficult to draw any conclusions about how handling of goods, delivery service and total cost of ownership would be affected by the implementation of a more coordinated freight distribution. Regarding the handling of goods, it is believed that the time spent handling goods will be reduced and that the amount of storage needed will increase, within the boundaries of the studied system. Since the information regarding delivery service in the outer flow is very limited, it is hard to draw any conclusions regarding the potential future changes to the delivery service with a greater inner flow. The results of the total cost of ownership analysis indicates decreased costs. However, the different elements of the model cannot be compared to one another, and since the model is based on qualitative reasoning and empirical studies collected during the course of two weeks, the results must be viewed with caution. In conclusion, the study indicates that a more coordinated freight distribution could be a good idea. However, this should be investigated further, and data should be collected during a longer period of time. Furthermore, tangible plans for what a more coordinated freight distribution would look like in Region Östergötland, should be designed.
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