Barriärer för elbilsintroduktionen i Sverige - Attityder, ekonomi och teknik
Sammanfattning: The aim of this study has been to investigate the technical, economical and psychological barriers for the market introduction of battery electric vehicles (BEV) in Sweden. The current situation as well as future possibilities for battery electric vehicles in Sweden has also been central to this study. The study is of a qualitative nature, and is largely based on interviews with experts from the branch as well as on a literature review. The introduction of electric vehicles could be an important means to reduce the carbon dioxide emissions from the transport sector in countries with low carbon dioxide emissions from the electricity production. There are several different barriers for the introduction of electric vehicles, the most important are the high purchase price, uncertainty about second-hand value, the short range, knowledge about electric vehicles among potential customers, and the lack of both quick charging and normal charging infrastructure. Sweden is not among the leading countries when it comes to the introduction of electric vehicles. In neighboring country Norway, high subsidies from the government together with practical benefits for electric vehicle owners have made the sales skyrocket compared to the rest of the world. In Sweden, there have been several initiatives to increase the sales of electric vehicles. The time-tables for the initiatives have been too short however, which has led to uncertainty among potential customers and to suppressed investments from the local business life. It is unlikely that Sweden will go the same route as Norway, since the subsidies are expensive for the government. However, with the quick technological development of electric vehicles, an electric vehicle can already be an attractive alternative for certain customer groups. Therefore it is important to provide the infrastructure to make such purchases possible.
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