Främjar en sockerskatt folkhälsan? : En paneldatastudie om vilka effekter en höjning av sockerskatten i Norge hade på folkhälsan

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Uppsala universitet/Nationalekonomiska institutionen

Sammanfattning: Different types of sugar taxes have been introduced in multiple countries with the purpose of reducing sugar consumption and thus having positive effects on public health. Many of the previous studies on sugar tax have focused on how consumption has been affected. Instead, this paper examines the effects of a sugar tax directly on health. On January 1, 2018, the taxes on chocolate and sugar products and on non-alcoholic beverages in Norway was increased by 80 and 40 percent, respectively. In this essay, cross-border trade between Norway and Sweden has been used as a method to compare the effect on health in counties near the Swedish border to counties further away from the border, before and after the sugar tax increase. The analysis uses panel data from 20 counties within the years 2012–2019. The variables that are used to measure health are: number of teeth with dental cavities per person, proportion of the population who have been patients treated for diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The results of this study show close to no statistically significant effect on health from the tax increase.

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