Attityds, norms och kontrolls samband med intention till träning. En jämförelse mellan fyra träningsformer.

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Lunds universitet/Institutionen för psykologi

Sammanfattning: Recent research on physical activity and exercise reveals a clear picture of its positive effects on both body and mind. Despite this, a large part of the population is stuck in a sedentary lifestyle. This study has examined factors behind one’s motivation to exercise. By using the Expectancy-Value Theory we’ve examined which exercise-related goals people value most, and to what degree they think four popular forms of exercise (strength training, cardio, yoga and team sports) will lead to these goals. The Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) has also been used to find out what influence the three factors attitudes, norms and control have on the intention to engage in the different types of exercise. The sample consisted of 140 people who responded to a questionnaire survey. The results show that psychological well-being is the goal that is most valued. TPB is found to be a reliable model to explain intention to exercise with. Attitude is the strongest predictor for all forms of our investigated forms of training except team sports where the factor norm is dominant. This papers focus on the comparisons between different forms of training is unique and shows differences in motivations to pursue them. Efforts to increase training frequency should primarily focus on creating positive attitudes towards exercise.

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