Miljö- och förvaltningsrättsligabestämmelser - Effektiva tillsammans? : I ljuset av den kommunala operativa miljötillsynen över enskilda (små) avlopp

Detta är en Magister-uppsats från Luleå tekniska universitet/Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle

Sammanfattning: Water is one of our most important natural resources and access to clean water is a matter forboth current and future generations. During the past decades, overexploitation, pollution, andclimate change has led to serious consequences in the water section around the world. Not onlywater but also sanitation are cornerstones of sustainable development. Ensuring accessibilityand sustainable management of those two for mankind is also one of the UN:s global sustainability goals (goal number six). The EU Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC (WFD) is oneof the legal tools mainly used to ensure the conservation of water resources. In Sweden, wehave sixteen (16) national environmental goals, several of which concern small sewers. Swedenhas since the year 2000 adopted the WFD. The directive aims to take joint responsibility withinthe Union for the long-term and sustainable use of water resources. In Sweden is the overallgoal for water management to achieve good water status by the year 2027. Good status meansboth good ecological and good chemical status. Good status is to be achieved for both inlandand coastal waters. How WFD has been implemented in the various parts that together worksto achieve the goal of good water quality in the EU and Sweden is shown, (among other things),by the environmental quality standards. The environmental quality standards have been developed for example water. The environmental quality standards for water (example lakes) andgroundwater where the purpose to ensure Sweden´s water quality. The environmental qualitystandards govern environmental work in, for example, supervision of so-called water activitiesand environmental hazardous activities. It is up to the municipalities to ensure that the standardsare followed. It is also the municipalities that primarily have the operational supervision regarding compliance with the provisions of the Environmental Code. 

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