Condition monitoring of induction machines using a signal injection technique
Sammanfattning: Condition monitoring techniques can be employed to enhance reliability of electric machinery. The stator winding fault is one of the dominant causes for the failure of induction machines. In this work, the condition monitoring of an inverter-fed induction machine using high-frequency signal injection based technique is investigated. Initially, an analytical model of the induction machine with a stator inter-turn fault is developed. Subsequently, the behaviour of the induction machine in the presence of stator inter-turn fault is analyzed using the symmetrical component theory. Because of their use for fault diagnosis purposes, the analytical expressions for the fundamental and high-frequency symmetrical component currents are derived. The high-frequency signal injection is performed by adding a balanced three-phase high-frequency low-magnitude voltage to the fundamental excitation voltage. The resulting high-frequency negative-sequence current component can be used as reliable fault indicator to detect stator inter-turn faults. The effectiveness of the high-frequency negative-sequence current as a fault indicator is compared with the fundamental negative-sequence current, which is one of the traditionally used fault indicators for detecting these faults. The high-frequency signal injection technique proposed in this work is tested experimentally on a prototype machine in a laboratory set-up. The use of the proposed fault indicator is found to be advantageous when compared to the use of the traditional fault indicator for variable-frequency drives. In particular, it is shown that the proposed fault indicator is less dependent from the drive operating conditions than the traditional fault indicator.
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