Det klimatpolitiska ramverket - En genomgång av klimatpolitikens senaste hopp

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Lunds universitet/Miljövetenskaplig utbildning

Sammanfattning: In line with the Paris Agreement and the aim of keeping the globally averaged surface temperature at a maximum increase of 2°C, Sweden implemented the Swedish Climate Policy Framework. It consists of three pillars; new climate goals, a climate act and an independent climate policy council. The framework is the first of its kind in Sweden and provides long-term goals and an obligation to continuously report the progress of the work towards the climate goals. Further it states that each government has the responsibility to implement a climate policy, first approved by the Riksdag (the Swedish Parliament). This study aims to review the framework and determine whether it will result in emission reduction and thus goal fulfillment. This, through a literature review as well as an interview study. The strength in the framework lies in the fact that it is based on a Cross-Party agreement, making it more suited to be implemented in Swedish politics as well as making sure it will last through successive governments. However, this study shows arising concerns that a law that is not legally binding or controlled by sanctions may be too weak to be an effective instrument, that the emissions from our consumption is excluded from the framework as well as mitigation and adaptation and that few regulations concerning which policy mixes that are to be implemented is included in the framework – which in the end is what will be the turning point for emission reduction.

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