Patienters upplevelse av att leva med diabetes typ 2 : En litteraturöversikt
Sammanfattning: Background: Type 2 diabetes is a disease that means a new way of life. Therefore, it is of great importance that these people accept, understand and get to know their illness. The nurse's role is to educate patients on self-care to promote health. By giving the patient support and feeling involved in their care, they together can achieve good goals. In order to gain an understanding of the patient's need for care, it is important that the nurse has knowledge of how these people experience their life linked to diabetes. Aim: The aim of this literature review was to describe patients' experience of living with type 2 diabetes. Method: A literature review according to Friberg has been carried out. The CINAHL Complete and Medline databases were used in the search for results articles. The basis for the result is eleven original articles. The analysis was carried out with a deductive approach based on Katie Eriksson's nursing theory. Results: Two subthemes were identified during care sufferers which were lack of care relationship and lack of information. During illness, two sub-themes were identified which were discomfort, fear and concern about future complications and difficulties in acceptance. The lifethemed sub-theme was difficulty making lifestyle changes. Discussion: The main findings of the result have been discussed based on background, purpose, Katie Eriksson's nursing theory and other research. Patients experienced deficiencies in the care relationship with their treating physician or nurse. Deficiencies in the care relationship lead to poorer self-management of the diabetes disease as the care relationship forms the basis for all care. Lack of motivation for lifestyle changes is one of the causes of poorer self-management, which causes suffering for the patient. The nurse should relieve the patient's suffering by eliminating health barriers and utilizing the patient's health resources. Through person-centered nursing interventions that support patients to acceptance, motivation for lifestyle changes can emerge.
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