Vuxnas tveksamheter till vaccinationer : En kvalitativ litteraturöversikt

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap; Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap

Sammanfattning: Background: Disease control can be attained via heard immunity when inoculations are offeredto the inhabitants of a society. While there is indisputable evidence for the positive effects thatinoculations bring, there is still a significant percentage of the society that regard inoculationswith suspicion. The purpose of this work was to describe why adults are hesitance towards one orseveral inoculations. Method: Different reasons for people’s suspicions against inoculations wereidentified by the means of a literature overview from 12 original studies collected from twodifferent databases focused on medicine and healthcare. Result: The reasons for suspiciousnessagainst inoculations could be divided into different themes: anxiety for side effects, vaccinecontent, lack of information from care givers, conspiration theories against state andpharmaceutical companies, uncertainties of the effectiveness of vaccines, overconfidence in thebody’s own immune system and lastly, lack of scientific evidence. Conclusion: People turndown inoculations for many different reasons, often because they have inadequate informationregarding inoculations available. This in turn leads to people searching for information on theirown, possibly from less trustworthy sources on the internet. Healthcare works can reap greatbenefits from knowing the most common reasons why people turn down inoculations. Thisknowledge facilitates healthcare workers effort to reason with patients that are suspicious ofinoculations. By extension this might lead to more people accepting the shot.

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