En studie om arbetsengagemang vid gränslöst arbete - En kvantitativ studie som undersöker hur meningsfullhet, socialt stöd, arbetstillfredsställelse och om kön påverkar arbetsengagemang
Sammanfattning: Today's technology allows flexibility for individuals in organizations meaning that they canwork reg ardless of time and locations (Acker, 2006). This complex situation that comes withworking without boundaries involves allowing employees to handle much of their workthemselves and usually at a distance from colleagues and managers (Grönlund, 2007). Beingsocially distanced from social support and once workplace can affect individuals workengagement. Work engagement is something that can be enhanced by a balance betweendemands and resources and can also create a sense of well-being at work (Dellve & Eriksson,2016; Grönlund, 2007). The Job Demand-Resources model emphasizes the importance ofsocial support for employees to experience work engagement (Bakker & Demerouti, 2008).This model is about how the employer can increase work engagement if the demands of aperson’s work are in line with the resources in terms of social support that the individual hasaccess to within the company (Bakker & Demerouti, 2008). The aim of this study is toinvestigate how meaningfulness, social support, job satisfaction and sexes can affect workengagement in individuals who work without boundaries. This is a quantitative study where empirical data was collected through a web-based surveywith 80 participants. The data of the study was analyzed with Statistical Package for theSocial Sciences (SPSS). The hypotheses were tested with several regression analyses toextract the result and to find what correlation was the strongest.The results show that meaningfulness has the strongest correlation with work engagement.This shows in bivariate regression analysis with work engagement as the dependent variableand meaningfulness as the independent variable. It is also displayed in the multivariateregression analysis with all the independent variables that meaningfulness is the strongest.The second strongest was social support in the bivariate regression although in themultivariate regression, this correlation fades and was no longer significant result. Jobsatisfaction showed as well as meaningfulness and social support a correlation with workengagement and stayed significant in the multivariate regression. However, in the search tofind out if there was a difference between the sexes, it showed that women were slightly moreengaged in their work, but the result was far from significant which also supports theprevious studies within the area.
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