Med livet som insats -En kvalitativ studie om polisers psykosociala arbetsmiljo samt dess paverkan pa frivilliga uppsagningar inom polismyndigheten
Sammanfattning: Turnover of personnel within the Swedish Police Authority has during the last few years increased and there is today a lower number of police officers working in the field (SVT, 2018b). This lack of personnel can be explained by a decreased interest in applying for the police academy as well as more officers deciding to voluntarily terminate their employment (SVT, 2018a). This can generate thoughts regarding possible reasons for voluntary turnover. The chairman of the Swedish Police Union, Lena Nitz (SVT, 2018c) addresses that a crucial factor to reduce the amount of voluntary turnover is an improved work environment. The aim of this study is to analyze the psychosocial work environment for patrolling police officers and to gain knowledge if elements in it might make certain police officers choose to terminate their employment. Previous research within the field tend to separately study police officers psychosocial work environment and turnover within police authorities and has indicated that the psychosocial work environment can cause stress and emotional exhaustion. Further research shows that emotional labor is common within police work and that voluntary turnover is the main form of turnover for police officers. This study has consisted of qualitative interviews with employed as well as previously employed police officers who voluntarily terminated their employment. Our conclusions demonstrate that the psychosocial work environment for Swedish police officers tends to be characterized as unpredictable, exposed and psychologically demanding. The foremost reasons for voluntary turnover have been considerably low salaries in relation to the demands, lack of appreciation from the organization and the shortages of manpower within the Swedish police authority.
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