M-hälsa i behandlingen av ungdomar med självskadebeteende

Detta är en Uppsats för yrkesexamina på grundnivå från Umeå universitet/Institutionen för omvårdnad; Umeå universitet/Institutionen för omvårdnad



Background: In Sweden self-harm behaviors among young people have been a difficult area to handle in psychiatric care. From the government's efforts have been made to synchronize the knowledge and experience from the local level aiming to prevent, reduce and faster identify self-harm among young people. M-Health refers to technology such as smartphones, notebooks and mobile phones provide.  These mobile devices have come to revolutionize aspects of health care perhaps mostly among young people, live their digital lives by these electronic media.

Aim: To illuminate the use of m-Health in the treatment of mental illness and to present a draft of a mobile application that helps professionals in work with young people active in a mild to moderate self-injury.

Method: A literature review based on an analysis of twelve scientific articles with qualitative and quantitative approach. We searched in November 2013-January 2014 Ebsco and PubMed databases. 

Results: The literature review is presented as gains and losses in use of m-Health in the treatment of mental illness. The focus has been on what is possible to achieve with a mobile application in this area of concern. It appeared that young people show positive attitudes to using an application in monitoring of psychiatric symptoms and gained more control mental health. The professionals sees advantage in terms of more truthful symptom monitoring in real time in comparison with retrospective self-monitoring, expedited handling processes and better treatment outcomes.

Conclusion: We interpret the results of the studies about m-Health as an opportunity for nurses to meet young people, active in a mild to moderate self-harm. An m- Health intervention based on an application for young people could make it easier for nurses to improve their communication and treatment outcomes. Care initiatives and relevant actions can then be tailored to young people's cultural values, beliefs and lifestyle.

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