Induction in Printed Circuit Boards using Magnetic Near-Field Transmissions

Detta är en Master-uppsats från Linköpings universitet/Teoretisk Fysik

Sammanfattning: In 1865 Maxwell outlined the theoretical framework for electromagnetic field propagation. Since then many important developments have been made in the field, with an emphasis on systems using high frequencies for long-range interactions. It was not until recent years that applications based on short-range inductive coupling demonstrated the advantages of using low frequency transmissions with magnetic fields to transfer power and information. This thesis investigates magnetic transmissions in the near-field and the possibility of producing induced voltages in printed circuit boards. A near-field magnetic induction system is designed to generate a magnetic flux in the very low frequency region, and used experimentally to evaluate circuit board induction in several interesting environments. The resulting voltages are measured with digital signal processing techniques, using Welch’s method to estimate the spectrum of the received voltage signal. The results show that the amount of induced voltage is proportional to the inverse cube of the transmission distance, and that the system is able to achieve a maximum induced voltage of 65 \micro V at a distance of 2.5 m and under line-of-sight conditions. It is also concluded that conductive obstructions, electromagnetic shielding and background noise all have a large impact on the obtained voltage, either cancelling the signal or causing it to fluctuate.

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