Jämställdhet på byggarbetsplatsen : Social hållbarhet ur ett genusperspektiv
Sammanfattning: Purpose: Mixed gender groups perform better, this makes the construction business more effective. Statistically speaking, there is no gender equality in the construction industry. A lot of different changes have been made, for example in plans for work environment, but despite this the development has stopped and the division in gender is 8,6% women in the whole construction industry. There is an existing macho culture in the construction industry and the culture is one of the reasons for accidents on the construction site. The purpose of this study is to investigate the social sustainability on the construction site from a gender perspective. This to be able to distinguish the gender equality that is sought on the construction site. Method: The study has been performed qualitatively by doing interviews. Six people, with different professions, were interviewed and their companies were medium sized to large size. A literature study was performed to receive information to create a foundation for the study and to phrase questions for the interviews. Document analysis was executed on policy documents from some of the companies that were interviewed. Findings: The main result is that there are several different approaches of working with social sustainability and there are legislations to further help with the subject. One common denominator are the staff appraisals and that the companies are working for a strong solidarity between all co-workers. Management systems help companies regulate the social sustainability. These regulatory systems are OHSAS 18 001, Povel and Navet which are specific for handling the social sustainability in the companies. The macho culture is predicted to fade out in the future due to, for example the work different actors in the business perform. Implications: The existing macho culture in the construction industry has started to fade out during the last couple of years and will probably continue to fade in the future. This due to the companies work in the matter and that younger generations contribute with a fresh approach. Social sustainability in this study, in this case gender equality, can be achieved by team buildings and internal networks. There are several management systems to modulate the social sustainability. Limitations: The study is limited to being performed as a case study and only investigate gender equality within the concept of social sustainability on a construction site. An exclusively small part of the active companies in the construction industry market have been interviewed. The participated companies are active in and around the county of Småland. This makes the study focus on and map the problems on a smaller scale. The answers from the interviews are the main material that will be analysed and will therefor lead to results in the study. The study is only focusing on the production phase which therefore makes the results invalid for generalization of the whole construction process.
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