Rättsekonomiska perspektiv på penningtvättsbrottet : En rättsekonomisk analys av domar avseende grovt penningtvättsbrott 2019

Detta är en Uppsats för yrkesexamina på avancerad nivå från Stockholms universitet/Stockholm Centre for Commercial Law

Sammanfattning: In 2019 the courts in Sweden decided in 21 judgements regarding gross money laundering. This study aims to determine if the court uses economic analysis of law in its judgments and if so, in what way the economic analysis occur. I have used a positive economic analysis of law in attempt to explain the legal rules as well as the outcome of the rules in form of an analysis of the 21 judgments on gross money laundering in 2019. The analysis of the judgments shows no obvious signs of economic reasoning in the courts decisions. There are thou economic effects regarding the measure of length of the punishment and it´s relation to the amount of wealth in the money laundering activity. In the majority of the judgements the equilibrium of wealth that prevailed before the involuntary transaction of goods was restored by damages. In combination with the sanctions the judgements can be classified as economical efficient. This shows that even if thou there are no obvious economic concepts in the judgments, there still can be economic grounds in the decisions, even thou they are imbedded in the legal system of sanctions in the civil law system.

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