HUR STOR SKILLNAD ÄR DET MELLAN SVERIGE OCH DANMARKS HANDLINGSPLANER MOT GÄNGKRIMINALITET? : En kvalitativ jämförelse mellan 34-punktsprogrammet och Bandepakke III

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Örebro universitet/Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete; Örebro universitet/Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete; Örebro universitet/Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete

Sammanfattning: The purpose of this study has been to investigate the similarities and differences in the Swedish and Danish action plans against gang crime, based on three kinds of penal theoretical reasoning, the principle of proportionality, general deterrence and specific deterrence. A qualitative content analysis combined with a comparative text analysis was implemented to compare the material. Previous research has shown that the Nordic countries have followed each other in criminal developments since the 1960s. Criminal policy has gone from a development with harsh punishments, to a period focused on treatment and readjustment, to then return to tougher punishments. However, some researchers believe that it is no longer possible to talk about the Nordic countries as a united region based on today's criminal policy context. The results showed that Sweden's action plan was based on more general preventive reasoning, while Denmark was based on more individual preventive reasoning. The results also showed that opinions of which penalties are considered proportionate based on the principle of proportionality, has shifted. The shift may explain measures aimed at stricter penalties for gang crime. The study concludes that there are both similarities and differences between the action plans based on the penal theory reasoning, but that the differences are not as striking as the media has shown.

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