Kategoriseringssamhället, skolan och barnen : En diskursanalys av skolfrånvarons konstruktion i tidskrifter som når skolkuratorer

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Linnéuniversitetet/Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA); Linnéuniversitetet/Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA)

Sammanfattning: Although Sweden has a long tradition of compulsory school attendance, there are children that do not attend. Previous research confirms that there are many concepts used to describe school absenteeism. Considered that categorization involves an aspect of power that adds attributes to these children based on stereotypic conceptions of the category, this fact seems problematic. By analyzing field related articles, the aim of this study is to reveal linguistic constructions of school absenteeism by means of discourse analysis. Consequences of discourses will be analyzed through previous research about categorization and Foucault’s theory of power. The main results of the study display several approaches to describe school absenteeism, of which we compiled five different discourses. They are presented as the bureaucratic perspective, the disciplinary perspective, the adaptation perspective, the social environment perspective and the family perspective. Each discourse describes a comprehension of deviance and normality, which affects the opportunities of wellbeing amongst children and forms the prerequisite of professional interventions. Providing help to children defined as deviants due to school absenteeism implicates exposure of pastoral power. The study concludes the need for a sensitive language utilization amongst school welfare officers. 

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