Design för lärande i en pop-och rockensemble : En studie i en ensembles val av design med notation respektive inspelning som huvudsaklig resurs.
Sammanfattning: The purpose of this study is to examine methods of learning two different songs with sight-reading and by ear as main resources in a pop- rock ensemble. To investigate this, we constructed a band rehearsal consisting of four college students, studying music. Their assignment was to learn two newly composed songs in the pop and rock genre. The whole rehearsal was documented with videocameras and later we interviewed the informants about their experience and approach towards the task. They also got to answer a questionnaire about their musical background and former experience of learning song by ear or reading sheet music. All of the empirical materials has been analyzed through a design theory perspective. The resultat are divided in three main categories; the strategies and designs of the individual, those of the ensemble and the different roles that appeared in the ensemble. Our analysis, regarding the overall design used by the ensemble, is supported by tables giving perspicuous overviews of the learning processes. Our most important results are that notation as well as musical sounds need one other to receive deeper musical meaning. This is shown by the informants as they notate musical sound in different ways as well as make sound of notation in order to help each other in the process. All of the informants used their voice in different ways to learn their individual parts as well as when they helped each other. The approaches to learn each song were also different in the way that the sight reading-song was divided in sections during the rehearsal. Playing by ear, the participants rehearsed the song in a holistic way by playing it from the start till the end multiple times. The result of this study can be used by music teachers in their choice of recourses when teaching students, in a pop/rock ensemble, new songs.
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