Samma riskkällor – olika processer: En studie om hur skydd mot olyckor och extraordinära händelser integreras i kommunala planprocesser
Sammanfattning: In a Swedish context there are different processes, actors and laws concerning protection against accidents and crises management. A crisis is defined as an imminent threat of disruption in critical societal functions or critical infrastructures. By this definition of crisis there is a connection between the built environment and crisis management. The protection against accidents legislation gives municipalities a wide objective of working with the prevention and protection against threats of danger for life, property and environment. This involves for example fires, car accidents and dangerous industrial facilities. This thesis aims to investigate to which extent municipal land use planning processes are integrated and coordinated with safety legislation concerning protection against accidents and crisis management. Governing documents have been studied to obtain a understanding of the intended process. The focus of this thesis has been on performing an interview study with 23 representatives and key actors within the Swedish land use planning process. Representatives have been questioned how integration of aforementioned legislation works in practice. Results show that protection against accidents is fairly integrated in the land use planning process due to cooperation between the fire and rescue services and municipal planning office. Integration of crisis management in land use planning is however inadequate. The results show that municipal risk and vulnerability analysis, despite being locally produced as a decision aid, is generally not used as such. Furthermore, integration is being hindered by a lack of awareness of other actors’ roles and mandates, the difficulty in determining which societal functions should be considered critical and by postponing risk mitigation actions to a degree in which these measures tend to become structural or in other manners specific for a given building.
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