Ofrivilliga graviditeter - tjejens respektive killens ansvar: en studie av synen på ofrivilliga graviditeter bland personal på ungdomsmottagningen.
Sammanfattning: The aim of this study was to investigate and gain a deeper understanding of how the staff at the youth clinic approaches, and might influence, participation and responsibility as regards the girl and boy respectively in the process that follows when an unplanned pregnancy has been verified. Qualitative interviews were carried out with staff at five youth clinics in Skåne. All staff did routinely work with girls and boys that were involved in an unplanned pregnancy. The theoretical starting point of the study was a gender perspective involving feministic gender theory and masculinity theory. The main questions were: How does the staff at the youth clinic view the responsibility distribution between the girl and the boy involved in an unplanned pregnancy, and how does the staff explain this distribution? Are there any guidelines to how the boy and girl should be approached, and in this way ensuring that they both feel involved in the unplanned pregnancy and its consequences? How does the youth clinic staff view and discuss a gender perspective in relation to their work? The result of the study showed that at four of the clinics a difference was evident in the staffs´ views as regards participation and responsibility in the unplanned pregnancy of the boy and girl respectively. The boy was present in the clinic at the most at half of the appointments when the girl and boy were in a steady relationship. There was a large discrepancy between theory and practice. All the interviewed subjects stated that the boy was seen as an important part and was as responsible as the girl in an unplanned pregnancy, but no developed guidelines was in place to involve the boy more actively. The situation at the fifth youth clinic was very different. Here, if in a steady relationship with the girl, the boy was present at almost all appointments at the clinic. At this clinic there was little or no discrepancy between theory and practice. This clinic had well developed guidelines and a written policy advocating couple counselling when dealing with an unplanned pregnancy, something that lead to a doubling in the attendance of the boys involved in the unplanned pregnancy, compared with the four other youth clinics. The staffs´ view of a gender perspective was consistently expressed as an ambition towards an equal number of women and men at the clinic. A deeper understanding and discussion around a gender perspective was relatively absent.
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