Inkludering och exkludering i en förskoleklass : En observationsstudie om maktförhållanden i den fria leken

Detta är en Uppsats för yrkesexamina på avancerad nivå från Karlstads universitet/Estetisk-filosofiska fakulteten


The purpose of the study is to contribute to the field of social access in children's free play in the pre-school class, by looking at how children are included and excluded and how power structures arises in the free time. In order to capture the events that occur among the children, observations were chosen as research method.

The results show that the children wanted to play with each other, and that the most common way to facilitate play was to ask "Can I join?". There were also other strategies being practiced regularly. It was also common to exclude other children from playing, and this was especially when the children wanted to protect their ongoing game, or that someone was not allowed to join because he or she ruined it for the others. Other aspects that affect which status the children had in the group was when they compared their skills with each other, to see who could jump the farthest, draw the best and so on. Knowledge on how to read and write were two other abilities that gave high status in the pre-school class.

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