Lobbying i folkets namn - En utveckling av EU:s nya demokratiska medborgarskap?

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Karlstads universitet/Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper

Sammanfattning:

Bachelor thesis in political science, by Joanna Widstrand, spring term 2010. Tutor: Malin Stagmann McCallion

"Lobbying in the Public's Interest -A development of a new democratic citizenship in the EU?"

The purpose of this study is to discuss the effects that lobbying by non-governmental organizations (NGO’s) may have on democracy-makingin the European Union. In a time when traditional political parties fail to engage people in the political system, an alternative solution to do so must be found, or else the EU continuously will be blamed for lacking democratic legitimacy.

The thesis answers questions concerning what contributions lobbying can make to the legislative process in the EU, as well as if lobbying can have an impact on the democratic influence in the EU, and if so, in what way?

Since NGO’s can be considered acting on behalf of the civil society, success in lobbying the EU institutions can be regarded as an alternative way for the people to influence EU policy-making. By conducting a case study on a particular legislative instrument, and lobbying by a specific organization, it becomes evident that NGO points-of-view matter to the European Commission, and that it encourages organizations to act on the lobbying arena. NGO’s take on different roles throughout the lobbying process; NGO’s play the part of initiators of new legislation and guardians of already adopted legislation, as well as everything in between. Attempts have been made by the EU to facilitate public engagement and public influence on EU-politics. Combined with the power of NGO’s and the fact that there are certain policy areas that the people prefer the EU to address, there are possibilities for a stronger European demos to develop, and therefore, for eliminating the democratic deficit within the EU political system.

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