An annual evaluation of CH4 oxidation in a freshwater lake
Sammanfattning: Freshwater lakes constrain its methane (CH4) emissions through CH4 oxidation. CH4 includes three carbon (C) isotopes; the stable isotopes 12C,13C and the unstable and more uncommon isotope 14C. Methanotrophs (i.e. methane oxidizing bacteria) oxidize the lighter isotope more rapidly. Changes in relative isotopic composition can therefore be used to calculate how much CH4 is oxidized in a system. This study investigates an annual CH4 oxidation in a freshwater lake. Water samples and bubbles of CH4 gas were collected once a month, from March to November, in lake Gundlebosjön. The CH4 gas was separated from the water samples with a headspace extraction technique. The concentration and isotopic composition of CH4 was analyzed in a cavity ring down spectrometer. The isotopic data was used in two mathematical models, based on open-steady state and closed systems. It was found that the stable isotope method to estimate CH4 oxidation was only useful during periods when clear concentration and isotope differences could be observed in the water column. CH4 oxidation could only be estimated in the water column in August, and in the surface layer in June and July.
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