Patienters erfarenheter av att leva med vätskerestriktion

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Sammanfattning: Background: Fluid restriction is common non-pharmacological treatment of renal and heart failure. This is part of the self-care that the patient can perform to sustain life, health and wellbeing. Part of the nurse's basic responsibility is to promote health, alleviate suffering and help the patient to higher degree of independence. Through greater understanding and knowledge of how patients manage and experiencing everyday life with fluid restriction, the nurse can support and guide patients to increased compliance. Chronic disease involves changes in life. This change causes the patient to undergo transition through different stages. The goal is to reach patient acceptance and learn to live in new context. Research shows that quality of life is higher in patients who have high compliance and have reached acceptance.Aim: To describe the cardiovascular and kidney disease patients' experiences of living with fluid restriction.Method: The study has a qualitative approach. Data were collected using semi-structured qualitative research interviews with seven patients living with fluid restriction. Data were analyzed using content analysis.Results: In the analysis of the data emerged two categories: Constantly suffering and The mastery of balancing.Conclusion: Fluid restriction were challenging for the patient. Several patients described resignation and that there was no joy. With increasing age and/or period of time that the patient lived with fluid restriction was an increased acceptance. A big part of managing their new living situation was about to count and plan fluid intake. A social support facilitated compliance. The largest indirect effects of fluid restriction were thirst and dry mouth. There have also affected negatively the sleep. Several patients were unsure of what counted as liquid.Keywords: fluid restriction, experience, renal failure, heart failure, thirst, adherence, self-care, transition, qualitative method, interview

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