Samvetsfrihet och abort - Hör ”samvetsfrihet” hemma i abortvården?
Sammanfattning: Introduction: The law of conscientious objection is applied in many countries around the world. Article 9 of the ECHR states that everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religious freedom, and that restrictions are only legal if the right is contrary to public security or to the protection of public order, health or morals or to the protection of other people's freedoms and rights. In Sweden, however, conscientious objection of nursing staff and midwives is not regulated by law. The law, on the other hand, is clear with regard to doctors and abortion, which means that doctors do not have the right to deny women abortion care. In recent years there has been a debate about conscientious objection as a human right for health care professionals in abortion care. Some studies indicate that it has restricted women's access and right to abortion care in several countries that have an application of conscientious objection in abortion care. However, there are no studies from Sweden on the subject. Therefore, it is important to investigate what midwives and doctors in Sweden have for perceptions, thoughts and experiences of conscientious objection. Aim: To describe midwives and doctors' perceptions, thoughts and experiences of conscientious objection in Swedish abortion care. Method: A qualitative approach, in-depth interviews with six midwives and one doctor working with abortion care. The data was analyzed using content analysis. Result: The result is presented in three main categories with subcategories. The main categories are; risk of negative consequences for abortion-seeking women, risk of negative consequences in abortion care and a professional approach in working with abortion-seeking women. Conclusion: The result shows that, according to doctors and midwives, there would be negative consequences for both abortion-seeking women and the care provided if an application of conscientious objection in abortion care should be introduced. The professional attitude of the caring person was also at risk of being affected.Keywords: Conscientious Objection, Conscience, Abortion, Abortion-seeking women, Midwives, Abortion Care, Professional approach.
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