Ett liv mellan två världar : En kvalitativ studie om pojkar och mäns exitprocesser ur en hedersrelaterad kontext: Uttifrån yrkesverksammas perspektiv.
Sammanfattning: In recent years honor-related violence and oppression have been increasingly discussed and noted in Sweden, which in turn has contributed to increased competence among professionals at national, regional and local levels. This interest, for example, has led the County Administrative Board Östergötland since 2005, on behalf of the Swedish government, to promote and provide support for regional efforts. Among other things, they have been able to identify success factors of preventive work, continued need work and the identification of particularly vulnerable groups. According to the County Administrative Board Östergötland assessment basis, it appears that boys and men as well as LGBTQ persons are considered particularly vulnerable. Young boys and men are vulnerable, on the one hand, as victims of gender-based oppression, on the other, as possible perpetrators of gender-based oppression. LGBTQ people, on the other hand, fear being subjected to forced marriage, and to end up in the lowest position in the current family hierarchy. This study is based on five professional workers, where they work with young boys and men who are influenced by standards of honor. Among my respondents are four coaches who works with preventative work, and one social worker who works in a school where honor-related violence and oppression have occurred. I use two theoretical models. First of all, Raewyn Connell´s theories about Masculinities(2005) where I try to capture how masculinity norms and values can answer the guys' vulnerability. The first model is followed by Helen Rose Fuchs Ebaugh theoretical model called Becoming an Ex- the Process of Role-Exit (1988) where we gradually follow the four phases that young boys and men go through in the role violation. The empirical analysis has shown that becoming an ex is complicated, partly because the young boys have a form of loyalty to the family, partly because of the awareness that they are subjected to gender-based oppression. The first step to a role exit begins when the young boys come in contact with the professionals, and begin to reflect on the concept of honor, its meaning and problems. It is at this stage that their unconscious feelings become conscious and as the first steps in the role exit process begin to take shape. In summary, the process is a complicated one, because many experiences a sense of loyalty as well as anxiety over time
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