Predictive Maintenance of Construction Equipment using Log Data : A Data- centric Approach

Detta är en Master-uppsats från KTH/Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS)

Sammanfattning: Construction equipment manufacturers want to reduce the downtime of their equipment by moving from the typical reactive maintenance to a predictive maintenance approach. They would like to define a method to predict the failure of the construction equipment ahead of time by leveraging the real- world data that is being logged by their vehicles. This data is logged as general event data and specific sensor data belonging to different components of the vehicle. For the scope of this study, the focus is on articulated hauler vehicles with engine as the specific component under observation. In the study, extensive time and resources are spent on preparing both the real- world data sources and coming up with methods such that both data sources are ready for predictive maintenance and can also be merged together. The prepared data is used to build respective remaining useful life machine learning models which classify whether there will be a failure in the next x days. These models are built using data from two different approaches namely, lead data shift and resampling approach respectively. Three different experiments are carried out for both of these approaches using three different combinations of data namely event log only, engine sensor log only, event and sensor log combined. All these experiments have an increasing look ahead window size of how far into the future we would like to predict the failure. The results of these experiments are evaluated in relation to which is the best approach, data combination, and window size to foresee engine failures. The model performance is primarily distinguished by the F- Score and Area under Precision- Recall Curve. 

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