Inhibiting the IGF-1 receptor with the cyclolignan Picropodophyllin: an in vitro study of ovulation, implantation and receptivity in a mouse model
Picropodophyllin (PPP) is an analogue of the anti tumour lignan podophyllotoxin with the unique ability to selectively inhibit the receptor of Insulin like growth factor 1(IGF-1). IGF-1 is believed to play an important part in development of the endometrium facing implantation. With PPP treated mice, studies can be made to measure gene expression from tissue of both treated and untreated mice to compare the role of IGF-1 regarding ovulation, implantation and receptivity. The aim of this study was to analyze gene expression of some steroid hormone receptors and cytokines in ovaries from mice treated with PPP. In this study, seven mice were treated with PPP at different times and tissue was collected. PCR-primers for cDNA sequences of estrogene receptor α, estrogene receptor β, progesterone receptor A, progesterone receptor B, growth hormone receptor, interleukin 1 α, interleukin 1 β, tumour necrosis factor α and androgen receptor were used. Real Time PCR was run with the samples and gene expression was measured. The results of this study showed that the inhibition of IGF-1 receptor interacted with IGF-1 which lead to altered levels of estrogene receptor alpha, progesterone receptor, growth hormone receptor and androgen receptor that can decrease ovulation. The results also showed the differences in gene products between treated and untreated samples, suggesting that IGF-1 plays an important role regarding ovulation.
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