MR-institutionen: universalmedelför stärkt rättighetsskydd? : Är Sverige i behov av en MR-institution i enlighet med Parisprinciperna?

Detta är en Uppsats för yrkesexamina på avancerad nivå från Stockholms universitet/Juridiska institutionen

Sammanfattning: The Paris Principles, a UN document adopted in 1993, requires that states establish NationalHuman Rights Institutions [cit. NHRI] for the protection and promotion of human rights. AlthoughSweden was one of the countries that promoted the adoption of the Paris Principlesinternationally, on a national level there is a still ongoing debate on the necessity of such aninstitution. This paper aims to present arguments for and against the establishment of a NHRIin Sweden in accordance with the binding and additional provisions of the Paris Principles.The Swedish system for promotion and protection of human rights is discussed in this paper,including the issue of access to justice.The main purpose of the paper is to draw conclusions as to how the legal norms shouldbe formed. Primary sources being used are therefore legal literature (both Swedish and foreign)and Swedish preparatory works. The paper contains a comparative section where thecomparative method is used.The paper concludes that Sweden is in need of a NHRI established in accordance withthe binding provisions of the Paris Principles. In addition, in order to promote individuals’access to justice the additional principles should be implemented as well. Since there is arange of obstacles for that, both practical and constitutional, the author of the paper goes on todiscuss how the protection of human rights in Sweden can be reinforced in other ways.

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