Ensamkommande flyktingbarns hälsa - En litteraturbaserad studie
Sammanfattning: Background:The complexity of lone refugee children’ s vulnerability in terms of politicaleconomy, social and mental health phenomena has a big range. Lone refugee children arevulnerable due to the interaction between traumatic events and the separation from lovedones. Lone refugee children are also at the mercy of the protection specified in human rightsand the Convention on the rights to the child. Aim: The aim of the study was to explore thestate of the art of research on unaccompanied asylum seeking children’s health. Method: Aliterature based survey of the field was carried out, ending with 14 articles concerning lonerefugee children’s health status. An analysis of the articles’ methodology, and the healtheffects was carried out, using the World Health Organization's definition of health in terms ofmental, social, and physical well being. The journal articles’ suggestions on appropriateinterventions and recommendations were also taken into account. Results: Lone refugeechildren in the research examined have experienced more traumatic events than accompaniedrefugee children. The dominant field of research on lone refugee children is within the area ofmental health. Depression, anxiety and post traumatic stress syndrome are reported to be themost common vulnerabilities in mental health. There are also concerns regarding socialwellbeing, under which researchers present behavioral disorders. Physical complaints arepresented in a few instances. Health services are commonly seen to play a major role inimproving the mental health of lone refugee children. Discussion/conclusion: A broad andcomprehensive public health perspective is lacking in current research with lone refugeechildren. Qualitative research on unaccompanied asylum seeking children’s health wouldcontribute with understanding of the different determinants of health. It is questionable towhat extent the methodology and measurement tools are accountable to a child rightperspective. In pre given questions and formulations of the health concerns to the child, thechild’s own voice and concerns beside these are left unexamined.
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