Civil Society in Post-Transition South Korea How Does Civil Society Contribute to Democratic Consolidation?
Sammanfattning: This paper examines in which ways civil society can contribute to the consolidation of democracy in post-transition societies. The theoretical groundwork draws on Caroline Boussard's framework for analysis from her book Crafting Democracy, which distinguishes four functions of civil society for post-transition democratization (agenda setter, educator, counterpart, source of new political alternatives). Civil society's democracy-building potential is constrained by mainly two factors, namely the internal level of democracy and the political context. Applying the framework to analyze civil society in post-transition South Korea yields the result that civil society in Korea has been filling all four functions outlined in the framework and has contributed to democratic consolidation in multiple ways. Examining some civil society organizations? activities in detail, a distinction can be made between successful and unsuccessful efforts to promote change towards more democracy. The decisive factor is found to be in what way the calls for democratic reform are culturally framed.
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