Löneskillnader mellan män och kvinnor -objektiv eller diskriminerande? : En empirisk studie av löneskillnader mellan kvinnor och män i kvinno- och mansdominerad verksamhet
Sammanfattning: Many researchers have empirically and theoretically tried to model and explain the difference in wages that exists between males and female. Recurring justifications for wage differences between males and female is an obsolete view of females, discrimination and female’s choice of occupation. Females have begun to enter previous male-dominated businesses and female have entered previous male-dominated educations. Previous research has focused on wage differences between males and female as a whole in the labor market, hence it is of interest in this thesis to study how the wage difference looks in different labor market segments. The segments chosen for this study are female- and male-dominated activities. The purpose of this study is to contribute with an increased understanding of the wage distribution between males and females in female and male-dominated activities and to investigate how large a proportion of the pay gap that can be viewed as objective. Below, the study's questions are presented: ●How large is the wage difference on average between females and males in female- and male-dominated activities? ●How much of the pay gap between men and women in female- and male-dominated activities can be explained by the variables included in this study? The method used in this study was a regression between the dependent variable “wage differences between men and women” and "male-dominated activity", "education level", "average salary" and "estimated work experience (age)". The study consisted of 330 observations. The result of the study is that male on average have 11.3 % higher pay than females, and in male-dominated businesses males have an average salary of 5.18 % higher than females and finally in female-dominated activities males have 1.16 % higher pay than females. Furthermore, the control variables indicated that approximately 26 % of the pay gap between male and female in female and male-dominated activities is objective with a level of significance of at least 5 %.
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