Antikroppar och antirörelser : Varför föräldrar väljer att inte vaccinera sina barn

Detta är en Magister-uppsats från Röda Korsets Högskola; Röda Korsets Högskola

Sammanfattning: Background: The anti-vaccination movement has gained attention in the media over the last few years, which has revived the debate as to whether parents should vaccinate their children or not. Infections, whose incidence has previously been declining as a result of compliance to national immunization programmes, have made a resurgence and the protection of the society that comes with vaccinations is decreasing. Vaccines are one of the most cost-efficient measures available to health care to prevent spreading of diseases and decrease mortality at the population level. Aim: To study the factors that influence parents’ decisions not to vaccinate their children in accordance with national immunization programmes to increase the understanding of these decisions. Method: A scoping review of articles retrieved from the databases PubMed and CINAHL. A content analysis was used to interpret content and create context. The result was based on 23 articles. Results: Several reasons why parents don't vaccinate their children were uncovered. A fear of adverse effects and a lack of trust in health care, authorities and vaccines were prominent reasons for vaccination refusal. Where parents gathered information, how they defined health and culture or religion where other factors that influenced the decision not to vaccinate. Conclusion: The main findings indicate a lack of trust in authorities, health care or vaccines among parents. Gathering information from the internet and media have contributed to ignorance about and a fear of the effects of vaccines. Health care staff need to improve their person-centered care and adapt information about vaccines to the recipient.

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