Finns det skillnader mellan könen i upplevd arbetsmiljö? : En kvantitativ studie utifrån Krav-, kontroll- och stödmodellen
Sammanfattning: Aim: The aim was to investigate if there was a difference between women and men regarding employees experienced health at work in relation to the demand-control-support model. Our framing of questions were: Is there a gender difference regarding demand, control and support at the workplace? Is there a correlation between employees experienced health and a working climate containing high workload and stress in relation to the demand-control-model? Method: The study was quantitative and all data was collected with a questionnaire from Easyquest. The questionnaire was sent out through a comfort selection of individuals on Facebook and mail. The data was compiled and analyzed in SPSS. Furthermore, the data was put in a T-test and a correlation analysis to obtain a result to try our hypothesis. The questionnaire had a scoresystem where the total score from each question answered if the individual had high or low demands/control and support at the workplace. Results: The study contained a total of 147 people with loss of 2 persons because of unanswered questions in the questionnaire. The total data used was thus from 145 individuals. The results revealed that men in all categories had more support, less demands and higher control compared to women. The results also showed that people regardless sex felt better the more support, less demands and higher support they had at their workplace. The correlation between social support and experienced health was significant (r=-,250. p<.01). Conclusion: Women experienced having higher demands, less control and less social support than men in all categories. The hypothesis was confirmed and therefore hopes to leave interest for future research on the subject. Considering that the respondents only had to be workers to be included in the study, much information was excluded which may have affected the outcome results of the study. The external validity of the study can be questioned. Correlation between experienced health and social support at workplace was shown to be significant with a p-value of 0,002.
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