First Come, First Served: An Analysis of Birth Order Effects on Children's Time Use and Human Capital Development in Four Developing Countries

Detta är en D-uppsats från Handelshögskolan i Stockholm/Institutionen för nationalekonomi

Sammanfattning: This thesis investigates whether, and to what extent, children's birth orders impact their human capital development and time use throughout their childhood, using data from a longitudinal cohort study of children from Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam. Comparing children across households reveals significant birth order effects favouring first-born children's human capital development in all four countries. However, different dimensions of human capital are affected at different ages. Children's physical development is mainly affected by their birth order when they are aged five and eight, whereas children's cognitive development is mainly affected when they are twelve and fifteen. I also find cross-country evidence that first-born children spend more time taking care of others, and less time on leisure than other children at equivalent ages. Weaker evidence of these effects are provided when comparing children within households. No birth order effects are found on children's school attendance.

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